431(3): The m theory of E Cat

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Fwd: 431(3): The m theory of E Cat

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

Discussion of E Cat Many thanks to Prof Steve Bannister, University of Utah. The idea in Note 413(3) works on a kind of resonance. The initial input of energy from spacetime can be very small, as in the radiative corrections, but the resulting force from m space is amplified to infinity under the condition 2m(r) = rdm(r) / dr. This is made possible by considering the m(r) function of the most general spherically symmetric space (which I call m space). Horst developed this resonance condition in UFT417 and UFT430. So there is no longer any need for quantum tunneling. The mystery of how p can fuse with a nickel nucleus in the laboratory has been answered by m theory. The experimenter comes across the resonance condition by trial and error at present. However, it may be possible to engineer the condition in some way. Spin connection resonance also works by Euler Bernoulli resonance, and was greatly developed in the Eckardt / Lindstrom papers. As you know, the San Francisco Bay Bridge was destroyed by resonance, so they had to strengthen its cross supports and make it aerodynamic.

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

Hello Myron,

A couple of thoughts come to mind as you think through this theory:

  • The E-Cat SK has a large control unit. It is proprietary to Rossi. From what he and others have said, it provides pulses of energy to the reactor system to trigger and control it.
  • Rossi, when asked about the importance of resonances in his system, replied that they were everything. That certainly stuck with me.

He has produced a "theory" paper recently; I will find and forward it.

Steve

Stephen C. Bannister, Ph.D. Assistant Professor, Economics Director, MIAGE Associate Director, Economic Evaluation Unit, Macroeconomics University of Utah Open calendar at: https://bit.ly/2vFymyY

On 2/9/2019 3:53 AM, Myron Evans wrote:

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

Agreed, I am looking forward to seeing the E Cat domestic unit in action here, and to compare its cost with other forms of heating. The m theory of the radiative corrections was developed in preparation for the m theory of E Cat. I am on a waiting list of prospective buyers of the unit. You may also have met Walton at TCD, I met him in its Senior Common Room, which seemed to me to be very luxurious, with lavish food and coffee, piles of newspapers, luxurious chairs and a big fire. Walton came in to the College after retirement, and was a witty kind of character, no trace of any arrogance. There is a photograph of Rutherford, Cockcroft and Walton on the net. Of course he was joking when he said they stole bike parts, or maybe not. This is because Rutherford expected all the group to build its own apparatus and blow its own glassware, no big grants at all.

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

Copper has two naturally occuring isotopes (63 and 65, 63 is the most abundant). So, copper 63 is stable and a non-radioactive isotope. It will not harm the environment in the way that many other fission products can. Obviously it is important to emphasise this.

The release of intense visible light is also interesting and potentially useful if it could be safely harnessed.

Sent from my Samsung Galaxy smartphone.

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

Agreed, I am looking forward to seeing the E Cat domestic unit in action here, and to compare its cost with other forms of heating. The m theory of the radiative corrections was developed in preparation for the m theory of E Cat. I am on a waiting list of prospective buyers of the unit. You may also have met Walton at TCD, I met him in its Senior Common Room, which seemed to me to be very luxurious, with lavish food and coffee, piles of newspapers, luxurious chairs and a big fire. Walton came in to the College after retirement, and was a witty kind of character, no trace of any arrogance. There is a photograph of Rutherford, Cockcroft and Walton on the net. Of course he was joking when he said they stole bike parts, or maybe not. This is because Rutherford expected all the group to build its own apparatus and blow its own glassware, no big grants at all.

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

Copper has two naturally occuring isotopes (63 and 65, 63 is the most abundant). So, copper 63 is stable and a non-radioactive isotope. It will not harm the environment in the way that many other fission products can. Obviously it is important to emphasise this.

The release of intense visible light is also interesting and potentially useful if it could be safely harnessed.

Sent from my Samsung Galaxy smartphone.

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

431(3): The m theory of E Cat

This note explains the E Cat reactor through the absorption of a small amount of m space energy (or "vacuum" energy) which is amplified enormously via Eq. (7) into an attractive force between a nickel 64 nucleus and a proton. The attractive energy is enough to overcome the repulsion between nickel and the proton, the nucleus becomes unstable and breaks apart into copper 63, releasing a huge amount of energy (10) in a low energy nuclear reaction (LENR). The "low energy" means that the fission is achieved chemically in such a way as to induce the absorption of a quantum of m space energy. There is also release of visible frequency electromagnetic radiation as intense light. The heat released is so intense that it can melt containers, and the radiation released is in the visible range. No gamma rays are released, so E Cat has been given a safety licence and patents, and I have ordered a domestic unit to be set up here at home. The note mentions how Walton, in the late seventies, described to me at Trinity College Dublin’s Senior Common Room the first fission experiment of 1932, carried out by Cockcroft and Walton (CW) of the Rutherford group. That experiment accelerated protons with a 750,000 volt CW generator and split lithium 7 with very high energy protons, releasing two alpha particles and a great deal of energy from loss of mass. The fission bomb of 1945 relied on the fact that uranium 235 is inherently unstable. However Nickel 64 is stable, but once it is fused with a proton through m theory, it splits, transmuting into copper 63 with mass loss and release of a huge amount of heat and light. No gamma rays are released so no harmful radiation is released in E Cat. Otherwise it would obviously not have been given a safety licence. So in m theory E Cat is driven by the absorption of a quantum of m space energy. The E cat device as been tuned in such a way that condition (3) holds. Thee is no further need to use quantum tunneling theory as in UFT226 ff.

a431stpapernotes3.pdf

The m Theory of E Cat

The m Theory of E Cat

This will be the subject of the next note 431(3). In E Cat a hydrogen nucleus (proton, p) is driven into a nickel (Ni) nucleus by the force of m space introduced in UFT417. The force must be attractive, (negative valued), and must be large enough to overcome the repulsion between Ni and p. In m theory the force becomes enormous under the condition rdm(r)/dr = 2 m(r) introduced in UFT417 ff. This enormous force can be generated by a small amount of catalyzing total relativistic energy of m space, E = h bar omega = gamma m(r) m c squared. So a small catalyzing energy h bar omega can generate an enormous attractive force between Ni and p, and they fuse and then break apart with release of enormous energy. This is observed as heat and light, exactly as in the Los Alamos bomb, but in LENR there is no chain reaction. However the heat has been observed to melt containers, and the light is so bright that it can only be observed with dark glasses. So it is blazingly obvious that low energy nuclear reactors work. The m theory suggests how they work. There is no further need to postulate quantum tunnelling as in UFT227 ff. The fused Ni and p break apart with release of megaelectron volts of energy into Nickel, a positron , and a neutrino. Exactly the same m theory can be used to explain the 1932 Cockcroft Walton experiment of the Rutherford group, where a proton is driven into lithium and the complex breaks apart to give two alpha particles and very large amounts of energy. In the Cockcroft Walton experiment the protons were accelerated in atom smashers, as they were then known, but in m theory the same kind of force is theoretically possible by tuning rdm(r)/dr to 2 m(r). Obviously, no atom smashers are used in E Cat, so the experimental design effectively achieves this tuning by chemical means. The same type of m theory can be used to explain the heavy hadron collider at CERN, or any contemporary atom smasher. Total energy is always conserved. In a fission bomb, neutrons are smashed into uranium 235, to produce other neutrons and a chain reaction, with release of enormous amounts of energy. So any idiot who tries to start a war these days will make the human race extinct within one hour. Oppenheimer tried to tell Truman that he had blood on his hands, but Oppenheimer was thrown out of the Oval Office. So politicians must not be allowed to govern scientists. My Ph. D. supervisor Mansel Davies was a member of Pugwash, and a friend of Bertrand Russell, who organized the Russell Einstein peace manifesto.

Particle spectrum

Particle spectrum

Many thanks. By googling "table of particle masses", the second site that appears contains a very large amount of the latest data in the language of the standard model, and I agree that these data could be interpreted in terms of eigenvalues of the quantized equation (10) of Note 431(1) and this is indeed an original wave equation, related to the ECE wave equation of early work. So all the standard model interpretation can be translated into m theory. In some cases there are basic differences as you know. There is no Higgs boson in the m theory and ECE theory. This quantized equation can be cross correlated with the ECE wave equation, so all the particle masses can be given a geometrical interpretation. UFT226 to UFT230 and UFT247 and UFT248 on LENR theory can be developed with m theory. UFT247 and UFT248 give the theory of inelastic particle collisions with many products of heavy hadron collisions. Note 431(2) gives a new expression for the energy of m space. The basic idea is that the energy of m space explains low energy nuclear reactions. In the old physics this energy had not been inferred, so LENR seemed to be impossible. That is why there was such a hugely protracted argument. The Luddites still go on arguing and smashing up the spinning jennies even though LENR units are commercially available. I have just ordered one. The fermion equation of ECE must be used for fermions and other equations for bosons. One example is the Proca equation for the photon with mass, a boson with mass. The ECE and m theories are completely different from the standard model in that the former use a photon with mass. The B(3) field has been nominated for a Nobel Prize several times for proving experimentally via the inverse Faraday effect that the photon must have mass. Vigier pointed this out in 1992 as you know. His letter is on the www.aias.us site. Big Bang depends on the massless photon, if the photon has mass, there is no Big Bang. Recent data distributed by Steve Crothers this week shows that there was no Big Bang. This is proven in one of the very first ECE papers. In ECE2 and m theory all particles have mass, so the Higgs mechanism does not exist.

PS: Re: Fwd: Note 431(1) : Masses of the Elementary Particles and LENR

Masses of the Elementary Particles and LENR

Many thanks to Co President Gareth Evans! I look forward to getting my LENR unit to see how well it works in heating up the house. I am not associated with Leonardo Company in any way, I am just as curious as a cat. The fact that there is energy in the vacuum (now known to be m space) has been known since the twenties. Schroedinger coined the term zitterbewegung (shivering) to describe the effect of the vacuum on an electron. In 1934, Dirac and Heisenberg introduced vacuum polarization, and in 1947 the Lamb shift was observed. These are all famous vacuum effects. The Lamb shift is considered to be one of the most important experimental effects of the twentieth century in physics. Very precise spectroscopy shows that the g factor of the electron is about 1% larger than the Dirac result of two. This is another vacuum effect. It is obvious that these effects involve transfer of energy from the vacuum to an electron. The m theory easily explains all these effects. The LENR unit sitting in a room and heating it up without any mains electricity is a very useful manifestation of vacuum energy. The industrial LENR unit is already available as anyone can see from the Leonardo website. Now I look forward to spacetime circuits being developed into electricity generating units.

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