## 433(1): Methods of Quantization of the Strong Field

433(1): Methods of Quantization of the Strong Field

Agreed, the wavefunction is determined as in UFT431 by Eq. (4) of Note 433(1) and modelling the wave function is of key importance. The ECE theory of the quark colour triplet was initiated in UFT5. At that time some elements of the standard model still influenced my thinking. Essentially all of the standard model of particle physics emerges from group theory. There are three pions, pi+, pi- and pi0. The masses of the first two are 139.570 MeV / c squared, and the mass of pi0 is 134.977 MeV / c squared. In the standard model the existence of three pions is explained in terms of SU(2) flavour symmetry or isospin. The reason for three pions in the old physics is the triplet representation or the adjoint representation 3 of the SU(2) group. Each pion is composed of up and down quarks, pi+ is composed of u dbar, pi0 is composed of u ubar, and pi- of d ubar, where u is the up quark and d the down quark. The origin of the up and down quarks is the fundamental symmetry 2 of SU(2). The antiquarks transform transform according to the conjugate representation 2*. The strange quark is postulated from the adjoint representation 8 of SU(3), a group that was discussed in UFT5. The other members of the octet are the four kaons and the eta meson. The electric charge of pi+ is e, that of pi- is -e. The pi0 pion is neutral. The pions are unstable, the charged pions decay with a lifetime of 2.6033 ten power minus 8 seconds, and the neutral pion with a lifetime of 8.4 ten power -17 seconds. There are various transmutation processes involving pions. Charged pions decay into muons and muon neutrinos, and neutral pions decay into gamma rays. In the standard model the interaction between nucleons such as protons and neutrons is described by an exchange of virtual pions, and vector, rho and omega mesons. This process explains the residual strong force in the old physics. Pions are not produced in radioactive decay but are produced in hadron colliders and in the interaction of cosmic rays with the earth’s atmosphere. All types of pions are produced in natural processes. In m theory all the group theory is replaced by the equations of this note. The m(r) function is defined by Eq. (5) in terms of Cartan geometry, the tetrad and the omega and gamma spin connections. The evaluation of Eq. (22) with Bessel functions would be of key interest. Agreed, the pions are alwasy in motion near the speed of light and the del squared term is alwasy needed. Finally, transmutation equations can be set up as in UFT247 to UFT249 to explain the decays of pions. The group theoretical approach to particle physics is unsatisfactory because the idea of "approximate symmetry" is used. This is another peculiar idea, or quarking of toads. It is all summed up by the three witches in unison in Macbeth: "Fair is foul, and foul is fair;/ Hover through the filthy air". Macbeth according to Shakespeare was Thane of Glamis and Thane of Cawdor and tipped to be King of Scots. The real Macbeth was King of Scots, Mac Bethad Mac Findlaich, Ri Deircc (1005 – 1057) the Red Haired King. The filthy air is the fogy dogma or fogma of theold physics, whcih regularly consults cauldrons and toads. The enlightened population consults www.aias.us and www.upitec.org. All of that must be replaced by the ideas of this note, developed in various directions in the next notes and papers. I think that each elementary particle will have its m(r) function. All that the standard model really has are energies coming out of hadron colliders and natural processes These are the experimental data.

433(1): Methods of Quantization of the Strong Field

This is an interesting note concerning computation of the Pion masses. The results depend on a suitable wave function. I could try to evaluate eq. (22) with the Bessel functions (or functions derive from those) in UFT 431.

It is interesting that the expectation value of del^2 is connected with the case p not equal 0. In the Hamiltonian for electrons this term always appears although the atom is at rest. Could it be similar in the pion case where the nucleons are virtually at rest but the pion is in motion near to velocity of light?

Horst

Am 04.03.2019 um 11:46 schrieb Myron Evans:

433(1): Methods of Quantization of the Strong Field

This note uses all the available methods of quantization to produce the expression (22) for pion masses. For the rest pions in Minkowski space it reduces to the de Broglie equation (24).

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