Archive for December, 2011

Calculating the Precession

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Sunday, December 25, 2011 12:02 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Calculating the Precession

To Dr. Horst Eckardt:

This is again very interesting, in the previous papers the Newtonian theory was used with x = 1. For the astronomers the following method can be used to calculate the precession with their computers and supercomputers. We can write this paper up in due course in the new year. So everything in standard physics is Christmas crackers, which is slang for “completely mad”. This is why the phys lab at Pontardawe Grammar was locked away above the woodwork room, a cupboard on its own.

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203(2): Geometrical Meaning of the Theory of Photon Mass

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Friday, December 23, 2011 4:42 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: 203(2): Geometrical Meaning of the Theory of Photon Mass

This note defines the geometrical origin of Newton’s orbital theory in terms of the observations. It is shown that Newton’s theory is essentially geometrical, not in the sense of the obsolete Einstein theory but in the sense that Newton’s theory derives from a precessing ellipse in the limit x = 1, where x is the precession constant. The total energy E, kinetic energy T and potential energy V are geometrical quantities. The de Broglie equation is used to account for the fact that the photon is relativistic, it travels essentially at c. In this sense, special relativity is used to recognize that the Planck energy is the total relativistic translational kinetic energy of the particulate photon, i.e. the relativistic translational kinetic energy plus rest energy. For a photon with mass the latter is very small but not zero. The Einstein energy equation, from which gamma m c squared is derived, deals only with translational motion because it is a restatement of the relativistic translational linear momentum, p = gamma m v. With these careful definitions and estimates, the photon mass is derived from observation in a direct way, and is of the order of ten power minus fifty seven kilograms for one photon deflected by the sun.

a203rdpapernotes2.pdf

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Numerical solution for photon mass

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Thursday, December 22, 2011 10:54 PM
Author: metric345
Subject: Numerical solution for photon mass

This is an excellent and important result!

In a message dated 22/12/2011 21:55:58 GMT Standard Time

I tried a Newton iteration method of Maxima tho solve the exact equation for m, but it did not converge. However a simple “trial by hand” works. Rewriting the equation to

delta theta – 2*integral… = 0

and evaluating the left hand side for m must lead to a “residuum” of zero. The residuum is graphed in the figure. The mass has been re-scaled to units of 10 power -57 for numerical stability. The result is

m = 1.859 * 10^-57 kg,

about 10% larger than in the simplified calculation. I think you predicted this range of precision for the approximation.

Horst

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203(1): Checking the Assumptions of UFT202

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Thursday, December 22, 2011 7:34 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: 203(1): Checking the Assumptions of UFT202

This note checks the assumptions of UFT202, and they are found to be correct. The quantized energy E = h bar omega of one photon deflected by the sun is orders of magnitude greater than its maxmum orbital kinetic and potential energies in the Newtonian limit. Similarly the maximum quantized angular momentum h bar of one photon is orders of magnitude greater than its maximum orbital angular momentum. This is a calculation of key importance to physics, so its assumptions have to be checked carefully. In the visible range and higher the photon mass of ten power minus fifty seven kilograms does not depend on frequency, so it behaves as a particle. At lower frequencies the computer solution by co author of UFT203 Horst Eckardt will show that m starts to depend on frequency, so it is not entirely particulate in nature, more undulatory or wave like. This makes perfect sense. The assumption made in UFT155 was based on the Einstein theory, which has now been discarded completely as being incorrect in many ways. The calculation can be repeated for a Planck distribution of photons in a beam, and this can be done next. CERN visits our work at AIAS quite regularly (e.g. yesterday) so must know that its theory is entirely obsolete. I was told at UNCC that the first determination of photon mass would get an immediate Nobel Prize, so let’s wait and see. The photon mass has been determined directly from observation of the conical section orbit, in this case a hyperbola. The photon is deflected by a very tiny amount from a straight line, the famous 1.75 seconds of arc. There is a “velvet revolution” going on in physics as described by Michael Jackson, because the deflection of light is now known to have nothing to do with Einstein’s ideas. The calculation of the photon mass is very simple, so surely the time has come when the dogmatists accept very simple, but very profound, science. The photon mass is in line with other estimates, which give it as less than a certain amount. For the first time it is now known to be ten power minus fifty seven kilograms at visible frequencies or higher when the photon becomes particulate (Newton’s corpuscle of light). The entire U(1) sector symmetry of the standard model is refuted in yet another way, and photon mass means B(3) and vice versa as first pointed out by Prof. Jean-Pierre Vigier in a letter to me circa January 1993 in the historical source documents on this site. Vigier worked with Prof. Louis de Broglie for many years. Copenhagen is refuted in yet another way, the photon is both a particle and a wave, de Broglie’s own interpretation. As far as I know this was also Einstein’s own view.

a203rdpapernotes1.pdf

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Orbit of Photon is a Hyperbola

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Wednesday, December 21, 2011 3:12 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Orbit of Photon is a Hyperbola

The photon mass of ten power minus fifty seven kilograms means that it has a very large eccentricity, which I will give in UFT202, and so the orbit is a hyperbola, and not closed. This is exactly what the data indicate, the light from a distant star is deflected very slightly by the sun, 1.75 arc seconds. The precessing hyperbola is

r = alpha / ( 1 + epsilon cos (x theta)), epsilon > 1

and the static hyperbola is given by x = 1, epsilon > 1. The existence of photon mass very clearly refutes the entire particle physics theory of the standard model as shown in UFT158 ff. It is well known that CERN ignores the numerous honest refutations of its work by many authors, so CERN should not be funded. It seems that the politicians know this, but are tied into CERN contractually.

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Comments on the Photon Mass

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Wednesday, December 21, 2011 12:17 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Comments on the Photon Mass

To Sean MacLachlan:

The Planck law of about 1900 is E = h bar omega, where E is electromagnetic energy and omega is angular frequency, so this means that the photon is defined in terms of frequency. The idea of photon as particle was introduced in about 1905 by Einstein, who developed the theory of specific heats of solids to show that E = h bar omega is a general law. This theory was developed later by Debye. Louis de Broglie introduced the idea that momentum is also quantized, and introduced the de Broglie / Einstein equations (see UFT158 ff.). This means that the photon is both a particle and a wave. A light beam is made up of photons, if one imagines a light beam made up of one photon of mass m, the mass m orbits the sun in the same way as any other mass m, in a precessing ellipse. I showed yesterday that this is enough to determine the photon mass, a hundred year old aim of physics, and to refute the U(1) sector symmetry behind Higgs boson theory. To understand your questions below I suggest that you graph out the equations, then that will give all the answers at a glance. Horst does this as co author in many papers. If you like you can run my derivation through a laptop to check that the algebra is correct, and again Horst does this routinely, catching any minor slips that I might make in the initial hand calculation in which an idea is developed. The method is very simple, so very profound. This is the Ockham Razor of philosophy, the simpler the better. The most profound problem in the psyche of “industrialized and heavily funded physics” is that simplicity is rejected because it it is too obvious to be funded. It is known experimentally that a light beam is deflected by the sun, so experiences gravitation, so in theory will experience counter gravitation. In the notes of yesterday c is nowhere used, and only the Newtonian limit is used. General relativity was nowhere used. It was assumed only that a mass m orbits in a precessing ellipse or any conical section. The Newton theory itself has major well known problems as discussed in my long essay, “Meaningless Relativity”, so should be regarded as empirical. This is essentially a Keplerian or pre Newtonian philosophy, all matter is geometry.

In a message dated 21/12/2011 04:08:56 GMT Standard Time

So is photon mass related to the frequency of the photon?

Don’t we get the rainbow prism effect due to the varying masses of the frequencies?

Does this mean that C is an average speed?

Can a photon experience counter gravitation and experience a different velocity, angle of deflection, acceleration through a medium, etc?

Sean

Subject: Comments on the Photon Mass

It is seen that the the photon mass just derived in an excellent well defined approximation does not depend on the frequency of the light, because of cancellation of terms, and this is an even more important result. The order of magnitude of ten power minus fifty seven kilograms has been defined for the first time, and without general relativity, using the older physics up to Planck in about 1900. The entire U(1) sector theory is refuted, and the B(3) theory corroborated. I am particularly delighted about this because I am not out to destroy Einstein’s work at all, I am out to improve it. My late colleague and co author, Jean-Piere Vigier, spent his entire working career on the search for photon mass, and his work is essentially corroborated. Both Vigier and Wheeler accepted B(3) immediately. Both were invited by Einstein to become his assistants at Princeton, and Vigier worked for many years with de Broglie. These are the greats of twentieth century physics. The discovery of the photon mass certainly deserves accolades for the whole AIAS group, which has stuck to its guns through all types of unethical assaults. I hesitate to say anything about the much devalued Nobel Prize except to say that there is a currency crisis. I assumed a Newtonian orbit, so x = 1, but if we vary x through its range, (2 pi), the order of magnitude of the photon mass remains the same order of magnitude. It is easy to remember because of all those varieties of soup. If the photon has mass m, it must follow a precessing elliptical orbit around the sun. Otherwise it has no mass m. It is observed to be deflected, so it has mass m.

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Comments on the Photon Mass

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Tuesday, December 20, 2011 4:22 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Comments on the Photon Mass

It is seen that the the photon mass just derived in an excellent well defined approximation does not depend on the frequency of the light, because of cancellation of terms, and this is an even more important result. The order of magnitude of ten power minus fifty seven kilograms has been defined for the first time, and without general relativity, using the older physics up to Planck in about 1900. The entire U(1) sector theory is refuted, and the B(3) theory corroborated. I am particularly delighted about this because I am not out to destroy Einstein’s work at all, I am out to improve it. My late colleague and co author, Jean-Piere Vigier, spent his entire working career on the search for photon mass, and his work is essentially corroborated. Both Vigier and Wheeler accepted B(3) immediately. Both were invited by Einstein to become his assistants at Princeton, and Vigier worked for many years with de Broglie. These are the greats of twentieth century physics. The discovery of the photon mass certainly deserves accolades for the whole AIAS group, which has stuck to its guns through all types of unethical assaults. I hesitate to say anything about the much devalued Nobel Prize except to say that there is a currency crisis. I assumed a Newtonian orbit, so x = 1, but if we vary x through its range, (2 pi), the order of magnitude of the photon mass remains the same order of magnitude. It is easy to remember because of all those varieties of soup. If the photon has mass m, it must follow a precessing elliptical orbit around the sun. Otherwise it has no mass m. It is observed to be deflected, so it has mass m.

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